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  • Social exclusion in remote rural areas in England, where the remoteness of the area and the legacy of austerity policies has posed challenges for investment and the delivery of services. Type of location: Glendale, Northumberland, England.
  • Urban borough with high unemployment and high representation of ethnic minorities, close to very well-off boroughs, as a case for the study of social exclusion, inequality, and the tensions of multi-level governance in a metropolitan area. Type of location: Barking and Dagenham, a borough in East London.
  • City region characterized by unbalanced economic structure and inequalities, as a case for coordinated cross-boundary management and strategic planning and decision making of city-region issues. Type of location: Aberdeen City.
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