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Spatial Justice and Planning

By: Fainstein,  S (2009) The traditional argument for spatial planning is that it incorporates the public interest into the development of land by suppressing selfish actions and coordinating multiple activities (Klosterman 2003, p. 93). This justification has long elicited criticism…

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Scenario Planning – Managing for the Future

By: Ringland, G. (1998) Throughout the ages people have tried to make decisions today by studying the possibilities of tomorrow. When that tomorrow was more predictable and less fraught with uncertainty, those possibilities had a good chance of being the…

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